Ask the Money Coach: What Money Lessons Should I Know by 25?
Let’s face it. Most people don’t have access to a financial advisor. And if they do, those financial advisors may not take into account the human side of managing money – like how spending, saving, and stressing about it actually makes us feel. Cue the Nav.it money coaches.* We’ve long been answering money questions in the app, but now you can write into our money coaches.
Money coaches* are here to answer your money questions including all the things school and your parents left out.
Dear Money Coach,
I am first gen, so I’ve had to navigate a lot of things without a lot of guidance from my parents.
I graduated from college a couple of years ago, and life isn’t really what I expected it to be, especially with regard to how I manage money.
(WHY IS NO ONE OFFERING ME A MIL A YEAR TO BE AWESOME?) I keep seeing conflicting advice from Google and social media about so many different things. Like is using credit bad? And do I actually want to invest in crypto? Between the hype train on TikTok and not really having a lot guidance at home, and literally no classes on personal finance throughout my 16+ years of education, I’m lost.
What do you wish you would’ve known at 25, and how can I set myself up financially to just do better?
– Financially Lost in So-Cal
Dear Financially Lost in So-Cal,
Well, first of all, congratulations on being a first-gen. It takes serious determination and resilience to break barriers and be a first in so many ways. Managing money doesn’t have to be another obstacle if you have a strong foundation.
Your Financial Foundation:
As for money management in your 20s, growing wealth and making money moves is definitely a marathon, not a sprint. FOMO is making weird things like the AMC stock thing happen, but don’t get swept up in the hype. You’re off to the right start, by asking questions and turning to reliable sources. As you mentioned, TikTok is great for getting comfortable talking about money, but you may wanna pause before laying the foundation of your financial future based on what some randos say in 7-second videos.
In your 20s it’s all about setting up the foundation, focusing on fundamentals and taking advantage of time.
With investing, time in the market matters BIG time.
Even if it’s a smaller amount, investing even a smaller amount still capitalizes on your advantage which is time. I love what Mackenzie writes here: “Across social media, we only see the big moves – the putting fifty, sixty, or seventy percent of a paycheck into Robinhood or a 401K move. Those of us with small salaries don’t have many examples of what our progress really looks like. I mean this in the most loving way possible – Focus on your finances and lower your expectations on what you can contribute financially without a toxic comparison.” This means even if it’s only $50 a paycheck, you still have a huge advantage older people further in their career making more money don’t have: time to allow your investments to grow.
People who invest early and consistently get longer-term returns and compound their money over decades. Fancy people like to talk about ‘dollar cost averaging’ but that literally only means if you consistently investing you’re more likely to benefit from good prices in the stock market than if you don’t.
Understanding the fundamentals
In the words of our wise friend, Kenneth Medford, “Scared money don’t make money. We all need to face that fear and understand some foundations of how money works.” Don’t get me wrong. There’s a TON to understand, but you’ve already come so far. Let’s break down a few of the basics of money.
Let’s talk about compound interest. It’s a beautiful concept that allows you to make money without doing much other than investing (also called passive income).
For example, if you invested $100 in the stock market from 1995 and left it in until early 2021 – even with two major market corrections – you would have about $1,578 and received a return of $1,478.16 or 10.90% per year. Markets rise and fall, but the traditionally data show that if you invest and leave your money in over a 30 year period you will get on average a 7% return.
Diversification means coin:
It’s also an interesting time to be a young person with time on your side and so many NEW investment opportunities. People talk about diversification in investing, which is meant to mitigate the risk of you losing all your money at one time if. an investment goes bad. Imagine, if all your money is in the stock market and it crashes, you’ll need another decade to make it up. However, if 40% of your wealth is in the stock market, 30% is in real estate, 10% is in Bitcoin and Crypto, 10% is in early stage start-ups, 10% is in cash, then your hedging your bets that one of those will retain its value while another potentially loses it.
Risk is everywhere in investing, however, there are more options available to us now than ever before. Only in recent years have non-accredited investors been able to invest in larger real estate deals on sites like Fundraise. Crypto and NFTs are here to stay and are know being looked at as a part of a healthy, diversified portfolio.
Everyone has different advice for how to break this down, find a balance that feels right to you, and try not to be too reactionary. What I mean by that is don’t let every meme coin and dip in the market drive your investment choices. Remember, you’re starting young so you get to enjoy time in the market.
Credit is a tool.
It’s not a substitute for having cash, despite how easy it is is to use. In fact, with Klarna, AfterPay, and other buy now, pay later programs, credit is available on a different scale through more avenues. But that doesn’t mean utilizing credit in this way is good for your financial future.
Stay focused. Using credit wisely can help you increase your access to wealth generating opportunities (hello, new home owner / business owner and entrepreneur.) That’s because having good credit can help you land a job, reduce your interest rates, or even just to establish utility services.
So practice healthy habits by paying your debts on time and minimizing your debt to income ratio.
Don’t be afraid to make career moves
Being first gen, you may be paving your own way. Remember throughout your career, it can be hard to tell which moves to make next. You’re not alone.
*Just remember, that we are NOT your financial advisors, tax advisors, or legal advisors by simply accessing this site. Everything that you read or interact with on the site is for informational purposes only and you should contact a professional before taking action.